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Colemanite

#PD30651

Colemanite

#PD30651
Availability
Sold
Size
8 x 6 x 4 cm - Sm Cabinet 
Formula
CaB3O4(OH)3·H2O (RRUFF)
Locality
Boron, Kern Co., California, United States
Tagged
Ore Minerals

The Borax mine in Boron, California is operated by Rio Tinto and is one of the largest Borax mines in the world. Borax was discovered in California in 1872. The Borax mine was established in the 1920's. About 74% of the borax produced is used in glass and ceramics, while another 6% is used in soaps and detergents. Borax is also used in a multitude of other applications. A noted quote by W. T. Schaller in 1930: "The cleanser, the pharmacist, the paper and textile maker, the metallurgist, the brazier, and the jeweler all use borax". These are still valid applications today. Colemanite is a main ore of borax as is Ulexite. Borate deposits probably originated from the concentration of boron rich sediments in large playas as brines. The boron probably was derived from hot springs and fumaroles associated with Tertiary age volcanics. This is a good specimen with large crystals over 1cm in size.

Colemanite

Formula
CaB3O4(OH)3·H2
Crystal System
Monoclinic 
Crystal Habit
Blocky, Crystalline - Coarse, Massive - Granular 
Cleavage
Perfect, Distinct, None 
Luster
Vitreous (Glassy) 
Color
colorless, gray, gray white, yellowish white, white 
Streak
white 
Class
Monoclinic - Prismatic 
Fracture
Brittle 
Hardness
4.5 

Data courtesy of Webmineral.

Collection
Phillips Collection

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