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Mineralpedia Details for Realgar

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Realgar

Realgar

Named for the Arabic rahj al ghar, meaning “powder of the mine,” likely in allusion to its sometimes powdery form. Relatively common, fine crystals come from localities including, Germany, Switzerland, Romania, the Czech Republic, Macedonia, Russia, Japan, China, and the USA. Realgar commonly occurs in hydrothermal veins of low temperature usually associates with other arsenic minerals or antimony minerals. It can also occur as a volcanic sublimation as well as in hot springs and can also be found in carbonate and clay sedimentary deposits. Upon exposure to light for long periods, Realgar will disintegrate to a powder.

Ref. Handbook of Mineralogy, Anthony et al (1995) and MSA at http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/realgar.pdf

Formula
AsS 
Crystal System
Monoclinic 
Crystal Habit
Prismatic, Massive - Granular, Druse 
Cleavage
Good, None, None 
Luster
Sub Metallic 
Color
aurora red, orange yellow, dark red 
Streak
orange 
Class
Monoclinic - Prismatic 
Fracture
Sectile 
Hardness
1.5-2 
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Realgar from Getchell mine, Humboldt Co., Nevada, United States

Realgar
            from Getchell mine, Humboldt Co., Nevada, United States

Acicular Realgar spray to 3mm tucked and well protected in a large vug associated with snow white sprays of Picropharmacolite. This is a hard to obtain combination for this mine. Also bright red acicular crystals covering yellow 1 to 1.5cm Orpiment crystals.

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Realgar from Black Diamond, King Co., Washington, United States

Realgar
            from Black Diamond, King Co., Washington, United States

Bright red prismatic crystals of Realgar to 2mm.

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Realgar from Boron, Kern Co., California, United States

Realgar
            from Boron, Kern Co., California, United States

Acicular ed needles to 3mm in Colemanite matrix.

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Realgar from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden

Realgar
            from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden

Realgar was rare at Langban having been found in scare quantities. In the book "Langban" et al by Bollmark et al, they explain it occured in two different paragenesis one in magnetite and the other granular Hematite. This specimen is the granular Hematite, which according to the book was found in 1937 by EG Varg. The specimen is very rich with corroded crystals to 2mm. There is an unidentified acicular crystal which occurs in bundles within the vugs.

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Realgar from Lengenbach quarry, Binn Valley, Wallis, Switzerland

Realgar
            from Lengenbach quarry, Binn Valley, Wallis, Switzerland

Two cherry red parallel growth crytsals to 3mm in vug.

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Realgar from Felsobanya, Baia Mare, Maramures Co., Romania

Realgar
            from Felsobanya, Baia Mare,  Maramures Co., Romania

Deep, bright red prismatic crystals to 5mm in vugs.

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