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Mineralpedia Details for Galena

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Galena

Galena

Named for the Latin word galena which was given to lead ore or the dross from melted lead. Galena is a common mineral and widespread mineral with thousands of localities worldwide. Noted deposits include in the United States, the Czech Republic, Germany, France, England, Scotland, and Mexico. The most important ore of lead, Galena occurs in many environments including hydrothermal veins, contact metamorphic deposits, pegmatites, limestones, and dolostones.

Ref. Handbook of Mineralogy, Anthony et al (1995) and MSA at http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/galena.pdf

Formula
PbS 
Crystal System
Isometric 
Crystal Habit
Euhedral Crystals, Massive - Granular, Massive 
Cleavage
Perfect, Perfect, Perfect 
Luster
Metallic 
Color
light lead gray, dark lead gray 
Streak
grayish black 
Class
Isometric - Hexoctahedral 
Fracture
Brittle 
Hardness
2.5 
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Galena from Sweetwater mine, Viburnum Trend, Reynolds Co., Missouri, United States

Galena
            from Sweetwater mine, Viburnum Trend, Reynolds Co., Missouri, United States

Cubo-octahedral crystals to 1cm

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Galena from Dal'negorsk, Primorsky Kray, Russia

Galena
            from Dal'negorsk, Primorsky Kray, Russia

Galena composed of several different forms and combinations of cubo-octahedrons to 4cm.

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Galena from Pfannenberger mine, Salchendorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Galena
            from Pfannenberger mine, Salchendorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Nice octahedral crystals of Galena to 1cm with cavernous growth and associated with black Sphalerite.

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Galena from Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, United States

Galena
            from Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, United States

Large impressive cleavable mass of Galena. Heavy.

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Galena from Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Namibia

Galena
            from Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Namibia

Galena was the most important lead mineral at Tsumeb. Though crystals are uncommon. This is but a small cluster with good cubo-octahedral crystals to 1cm showing etched patterns.

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Galena from Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia

Galena
            from Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia

An interested, not cleaved, stair-stepped Galena crystals to 1cm.

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Galena from Black Jack mine, Galena, Jo Daviess Co., Illinois, United States

Galena
            from Black Jack mine, Galena, Jo Daviess Co., Illinois, United States

The crystals to 2cm are a dull luster, are smooth, sharp and well defined.

The history of this large district, which extends into Wisconsin and Iowa, dates back to 1845. Mining in this district peaked in 1916 during World War I and is said to have had the longest recorded production history in the United States. A good article on MVT deposits can be found in Rocks & Minerals, v64 n1 1989 by Rayond Lasmanis. Much of the information in this Special Edition was found in this excellent article.

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Galena from Septemvri mine, Madan ore field, Rhodope Mts, Smolyan Oblast, Bulgaria

Galena
            from Septemvri mine, Madan ore field, Rhodope Mts, Smolyan Oblast, Bulgaria

An excellent cubic Galena crystal to 2cm showing corners which grew faster than the centers during crystal growth. There is also brassy gold Chalcopyrite. The base is needle Quartz. Classic locality.

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Galena with Sphalerite from Lengenbach quarry, Binn Valley, Wallis, Switzerland

Galena with Sphalerite
            from Lengenbach quarry, Binn Valley, Wallis, Switzerland

A basic mineral occurence from this hugely important species and sulfosalt locality. These crystals are sharp and lustrous. The Galena (4mm) is directly associated with the Spalerite (5mm). Originally from the Museum in Bern.

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Galena from Tri-State dist., Cherokee Co., Kansas, United States

Galena
            from Tri-State dist., Cherokee Co., Kansas, United States

A larger cabinet specimen of 1.5 to 2cm Galena cubes with deep red Sphalerite crystals. the Sphalerite over grows a preffered side of the Galena. Sits and displays perfectly.

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Galena from 2nd Sovetskii mine, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia

Galena
            from 2nd Sovetskii mine, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia

A nice, clean, damage free Galena crystal to 2cm with several 5mm crystals with jet black, lustrous Sphalerite crystals.

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Galena from Buick mine, Reynolds Co., Missouri, United States

Galena
            from Buick mine, Reynolds Co., Missouri, United States

This is a nice group of Galena crystals of which most are about 1cm and all showing good cubo-octahedral forms.

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Galena from Madan, Rhodope Mountains, Bulgaria

Galena
            from Madan, Rhodope Mountains, Bulgaria

A nice cluster of Galena cubes with the largest crystal at 2cm.

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Galena from Sunshine mine, Kellogg, Shoshone Co., Idaho, United States

Galena
            from Sunshine mine, Kellogg, Shoshone Co., Idaho, United States

1 lb 9 oz pure mass of galena with slickenside.

Galena is the most common lead mineral and is widely distributed. Galena is also the most important lead ore with 86.6% lead. About 66% of lead produced is used in lead-acid storage batteries.

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Galena from Darwin, Inyo Co., California, United States

Galena
            from Darwin, Inyo Co., California, United States

A great educational specimen with vein Galena and oxidized core with Anglesite/Cerusite formation. 2 lbs 6 oz 2-3cm wide vein.

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Galena from Sullivan mine, Kimberly, British Columbia, Canada

Galena
            from Sullivan mine, Kimberly, British Columbia, Canada

Large textbook example of stratiform sulfide mineralization.

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Galena from Occidental mine, Sheridan, Madison Co., Montana, United States

Galena
            from Occidental mine, Sheridan, Madison Co., Montana, United States

A chunk of Quartz with fractured filled sulfides mostly Galena on the outer edges with increasing phase to dark grey crude crystals of Bournonite. Nice specimen from this little known, historic mine. 

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Galena from Huanzala mine, Huallanca dist., Huánuco, Peru

Galena
            from Huanzala mine, Huallanca dist., Huánuco, Peru

Octahedral Galena crystals to 1.2cm and brilliant silvery and flash Galena crystals as modified cubes to 7mm with Pyrite.

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Galena from Picher, Tri-State Dist., Oklahoma, United States

Galena
            from Picher, Tri-State Dist., Oklahoma, United States

This is a large cabinet specimen and may cost extra to ship. It is 15cm acrss with cubic crystals to 2.3cm. 

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Galena from Red Dog mine, Lisburne dist., Northwest Arctic Borough, Alaska, United States

Galena
            from Red Dog mine, Lisburne dist., Northwest Arctic Borough, Alaska, United States

Heavy rich mass of mostly Galena with other sulfieds.

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Galena from Elmo mine, Lafayette Co., Wisconsin, United States

Galena
            from Elmo mine, Lafayette Co., Wisconsin, United States

An exceptional piece from this historic district and mine. The district itself dates back to 1827, when lead was discovered in Wisconsin. 

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Galena from Lucky Friday mine, Coeur d'Alene District, Shoshone Co., Idaho, United States

Galena
            from Lucky Friday mine, Coeur d'Alene District, Shoshone Co., Idaho, United States

Granular to coarse chunk of Galena, the primary ore of lead.

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Galena from Ivigtut Cryolite deposit, Ivigtut, Arsuk Fjord, Sermersooq, Greenland

Galena
            from Ivigtut Cryolite deposit, Ivigtut, Arsuk Fjord, Sermersooq, Greenland

A thin 5mm layer of granular Galena with what looks like murky micro crystals of Anglesite, unreported from Ivigtut. This is according to the Ralph Merril label. He also notes "May have mineral A - Can. Min. 10, 871. 

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