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Mineralpedia Details for Baryte

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Baryte

Baryte

Still commonly spelled barite, although officially spelled Baryte, this mineral is named for the Greek words barys or baros, meaning “heavy” or “weight,” respectively, in reference to the mineral’s high specific gravity. Baryte is the most common barium mineral and can be found as a gangue mineral in hydrothermal veins, in residual weathered barite-bearing limestone deposits, as an accessory in igneous rocks, in carbonatites, and as a primary constituent of submarine volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits and sea-floor chimneys. There are thousands of localities for Baryte worldwide. Can be thermoluminescent, and may fluoresce and phosphoresce a cream color to various spectral colors under ultraviolet light.

Ref. Handbook of Mineralogy, Anthony et al (1995) and MSA at http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/baryte.pdf

Formula
BaSO4 
Crystal System
Orthorhombic 
Crystal Habit
Tabular, Prismatic, Massive - Fibrous 
Cleavage
Perfect, Perfect, Imperfect 
Luster
Vitreous (Glassy) 
Color
white, yellowish white, grayish white, brownish white, dark brown 
Streak
white 
Class
Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal 
Fracture
Uneven 
Hardness
3-3.5 
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Baryte from near Norman, Cleveland Co., Oklahoma, United States

Baryte
            from near Norman, Cleveland Co., Oklahoma, United States

This occurence is one of the more unique localities for the oddities of mineral world. Here barium mineralization penetrated the Permian Garber Sandstone along fractures sets and formed rose-like clusters of Baryte (Barite) crystals. Individual crystals form saucer shaped crystals with sand inclucions from the the Graber Sandstone. Individual crystals in this cluster are 1 to 2cm across. Trace Hematite imparts the red coloration. This specimen is from Dr. David London's collection, who wrote a thorough article on this occurence in the July/August 2008 issue of the Mineralogical Record.  

This specimen was photographed for London't article on page 281, figure 8.

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Baryte from Elk Creek, Meade Co., South Dakota, United States

Baryte
            from Elk Creek, Meade Co., South Dakota, United States

An "American Classic", Barite from SOuth Dakota is some of the best in the world. Crystals on these specimens average 4 to 6cm along the c-axis.

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Baryte from Black Cloud mine, Leadville, Lake Co., Colorado, United States

Baryte
            from Black Cloud mine, Leadville, Lake Co., Colorado, United States

Tabular amber colored crystals to 2cm.

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Baryte from Herja mine, Baia Mare, Maramures Co., Romania

Baryte
            from Herja mine, Baia Mare, Maramures Co., Romania

The photos speak for themselves on this specimen. I liken it to a waterfall of blue baryte cascading over the edge. I can't imagine how this formed, other than under ideal conditions. The crystals are the most basic forms of Baryte which are tabular with slight elongations on the a or b axis with the sharp corner pointed parallel along the lines of formation but with a divergent habit. Look at the photo, you'll see what I mean. Incredible piece. No damage, sits nice with a light blue color with some frosted white areas.

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Baryte from Rosiclare, Hardin Co., Illinois, United States

Baryte
            from Rosiclare, Hardin Co., Illinois, United States

White, elongated tabular crystals of Baryte to 4cm in a nice divergent group. Excellent specimen. The terminastions are lustrous and smoth as opposed to the remainder of the crystal which is a frosted white. There is one broken off crystal, which technically is on the back side opposite of the display side.

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Baryte from Clay Center, Ottawa Co., Ohio, United States

Baryte
            from Clay Center, Ottawa Co., Ohio, United States

Tabular groups of Baryte deposited on the top of yellow Calcite.

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Baryte from Juanita Mine, Socorro Co., New Mexico, United States

Baryte
            from Juanita Mine, Socorro Co., New Mexico, United States

Tabular crystals as singles and fans to over 1cm.

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Baryte from Indian Head Rock, Basin, Jefferson Co., Montana, United States

Baryte
            from Indian Head Rock, Basin, Jefferson Co., Montana, United States

Yellow Baryte in tabular form with the largest crystal to 1.5cm. Good representative specimen.

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Baryte from N'Chwaning mines, Kuruman, Northern Cape prov., South Africa

Baryte
            from N'Chwaning mines, Kuruman, Northern Cape prov., South Africa

Colorless tabular crystals of Barite to 6mm with scattered reddish brown strands and bundles of Inesite.

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Baryte from Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Namibia

Baryte
            from Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Namibia

Barytee is rare from Tsumeb, especially in nice golden crytsals such as this. The crystals are thick tabular to 15 x 7mm.

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Baryte from Cavnic, Maramures Co., Romania

Baryte
            from Cavnic, Maramures Co., Romania

Light golden yellow tabular crystals, the largest to 2.5cm across.

Also white crystal groups of Baryte to 1cm

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Baryte from Drieslar, Germany

Baryte
            from Drieslar, Germany

White bladed Baryte crystals to 2cm with small 1-4mm Chalcopyrite crystals.

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Baryte from Magma mine, Pinal Co., Arizona, United States

Baryte
            from Magma mine, Pinal Co., Arizona, United States

A very lustrous chocalate brown Baryte specimen with tabular crystals to 7mm.

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Baryte from Baia Sprie, Maramures Co., Romania

Baryte
            from Baia Sprie, Maramures Co., Romania

A group of thin platy colorless to white Baryte.

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Baryte from Quiruvilca mine, Santiago de Chuco prov., La Libertad dept., Peru

Baryte
            from Quiruvilca mine, Santiago de Chuco prov., La Libertad dept., Peru

Bright orange clusters of Orpiment to 1cm amongst colorless, tabular Baryte.

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Baryte from Linwood mine, Scott Co., Iowa, United States

Baryte
            from Linwood mine, Scott Co., Iowa, United States

Waterclear, well-formed  amazing Baryte crystals with complex terminations to 1.3cm.

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Baryte from Minerva #1 mine, Hardin Co., Illinois, United States

Baryte
            from Minerva #1 mine, Hardin Co., Illinois, United States

White to colorless clusters of stacked tabular crystals.

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Baryte from Northumberland mine, Nye Co., Nevada, United States

Baryte
            from Northumberland mine, Nye Co., Nevada, United States

This is a kind of cloudy grey thick tabular crystal. The largest crystal is 3.5cm. 

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Baryte from Book Cliffs, Mesa Co., Colorado, United States

Baryte
            from Book Cliffs, Mesa Co., Colorado, United States

This locality is famous for waterclear prismatic crystals such as these. This specimen shows excellent crystals to 2cm.

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Baryte from Pöhla, Schwarzenberg dist., Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany

Baryte
            from Pöhla, Schwarzenberg dist., Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany

Golden prismatic crystals to 2cm. 

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Baryte from Hecla Rosebud mine, Pershing Co., Nevada, United States

Baryte
            from Hecla Rosebud mine, Pershing Co., Nevada, United States

A large white to murky light gray rhombic crystal of Baryte. This find was made sometime around 1998 and sometimes occured with Miargyrite and Pyrrhotite. 

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Baryte from Chiuzbaia, Baia Mare, Maramures Co., Romania

Baryte
            from Chiuzbaia, Baia Mare, Maramures Co., Romania

Tabular crystals to 1.5cm of Baryte with color zones.

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Baryte from Lac St. Jean, Quebec, Canada

Baryte
            from Lac St. Jean, Quebec, Canada

This is a big hunker of a Baryte crystal. It is a single, long tabular crystal with three prism faces beveling the sides and two pinacoidal faces closing the prism in the a and b axial directions. The c-axis is terminated by two pyramidal faces. One end is terminated the other is a broken end. Impressive and good for teaching or excersising your biceps.

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Baryte from PAGA mine, Bartow Co., Georgia, United States

Baryte
            from PAGA mine, Bartow Co., Georgia, United States

A large and heavy specimen of nicely crystallized blue Baryte with a tan outer coating on most crystals but not all. The are crystals (up to 3cm) are large and perfectly terminated showing excellent orthorhombic forms. 

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Baryte from Hysham, Treasure Co., Montana, United States

Baryte
            from Hysham, Treasure Co., Montana, United States

A golden amber colored prismatic terminated crystal from an unknown locality.

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Baryte from McKnight mine, Montgomery Co., Arkansas, United States

Baryte
            from McKnight mine, Montgomery Co., Arkansas, United States

A cabinet specimen from this obscur locality with 1-4mm golden tabular crystals across face.

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Baryte from Grand Junction, Mesa Co., Colorado, United States

Baryte
            from Grand Junction, Mesa Co., Colorado, United States

Waterclear prismatic crystal to 2.5cm.

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